NLRB’S Joint Employer Rule on Again after GOP Board Member’s Vote Tossed

Mark Gruenberg

Mark Gruenberg Editor, Press Associates Union News

The National Labor Relations Board’s on-again off-again rule holding joint employers – the corporate headquarters of a chain – and its individual franchises jointly responsible for obeying or breaking labor law is on again.

That’s because the board had to toss out its decision last year reversing the Obama-era rule after Trump-named GOP board member William Emanuel, formerly a management-side labor lawyer from Los Angeles, voted illegally in the case, NLRB’s Inspector General ruled.

That left the three remaining three members of the NLRB, two Democrats and the sole Republican, no choice but to dump their old decision. They did so on Feb. 26.

It also left House Democrats calling for a hearing on Emanuel’s illegal vote, and Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., the top Democrat on the Senate Labor Committee, denouncing Emanuel’s “conflict of interest,” praising the board’s reversal and reiterating every NLRB member “should be squarely focused on ensuring workers’ rights are fairly upheld.”

But Murray did not demand a hearing on Emanuel, yet. A call to her office asking what she would specifically do about his conflict of interest was not returned.

Meanwhile the ruling House Republicans urged their Senate counterparts to approve an already-passed bill outlawing the NLRB’s old joint employer decision.

The joint employer ruling could affect millions of workers in chains such as Motel 6, McDonald’s, Burger King and the like. That’s because workers trying to either unionize or bargain can be bounced, without the joint employer rule, from pillar – corporate headquarters -- to post – the local franchise.


Local management can say their hands are tied and corporate honchos can respond labor relations are up to the locals.

The problem arose after the Senate approved Emanuel, partner and head of the labor section of a large Los Angeles law firm known for its management tilt and anti-union stands, took his seat on the board last year. During his confirmation hearing earlier, Emanuel had promised to recuse himself – not vote – on any case his firm was involved in.

But then the board voted 3-2 on party lines, in a decision involving Hy-Brand Industrial Contractors of Oregon, to reverse its prior ruling about joint employers and their responsibility. Emanuel was one of the three.

An Obama-era NLRB, in a case involving the Teamsters and Browning-Ferris Indus-tries, ruled joint employers are jointly responsible for labor law obedience – and law-breaking.

NLRB Inspector General David Berry found, however, that Emanuel’s firm, Littler Mendelson, represented the subcontractor involved in the original Browning-Ferris case. Berry told the House Education and the Workforce Committee that Hy-Brand was a virtual “do-over” of the older case – and that Emanuel should have recused himself for conflict-of-interest reasons. Such “7-day letters” from the NLRB’s Inspector General to Congress are very rare.

But with the board down one Republican seat due to a vacancy, and the Inspector General having tossed Emanuel off the joint employer issue, the remaining three members had to dump the Hy-Brand decision, reversing the anti-worker ruling of last year.

Congress could still wade into the mess. Responding to a request in Berry’s letter, Rep. Bobby Scott, D-Va., its top Democrat, asked right wing chairwoman Virginia Foxx, R-N.C., to hold an oversight hearing on Emanuel’s “serious and flagrant problem and/or deficiency. The Inspector General’s findings are especially disturbing for an agency designed to be a neutral adjudicator.”

Foxx ignored Scott. Instead, she urged the Senate to pass the bill outlawing the joint employer rule. Neither Murray nor Senate Labor Committee Chairman Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., have responded to that demand. Their panel held a confirmation hearing on March 1 on Trump’s nominee for the vacant NLRB seat.



Posted In: Allied Approaches, From Press Associates

Union Matters

Get to Know AFL-CIO's Affiliates: National Association of Letter Carriers

From the AFL-CIO

Next up in our series that takes a deeper look at each of our affiliates is the National Association of Letter Carriers.

Name of Union: National Association of Letter Carriers (NALC)

Mission: To unite fraternally all city letter carriers employed by the U.S. Postal Service for their mutual benefit; to obtain and secure rights as employees of the USPS and to strive at all times to promote the safety and the welfare of every member; to strive for the constant improvement of the Postal Service; and for other purposes. NALC is a single-craft union and is the sole collective-bargaining agent for city letter carriers.

Current Leadership of Union: Fredric V. Rolando serves as president of NALC, after being sworn in as the union's 18th president in 2009. Rolando began his career as a letter carrier in 1978 in South Miami before moving to Sarasota in 1984. He was elected president of Branch 2148 in 1988 and served in that role until 1999. In the ensuing years, he worked in various roles for NALC before winning his election as a national officer in 2002, when he was elected director of city delivery. In 2006, he won election as executive vice president. Rolando was re-elected as NALC president in 2010, 2014 and 2018.

Brian Renfroe serves as executive vice president, Lew Drass as vice president, Nicole Rhine as secretary-treasurer, Paul Barner as assistant secretary-treasurer, Christopher Jackson as director of city delivery, Manuel L. Peralta Jr. as director of safety and health, Dan Toth as director of retired members, Stephanie Stewart as director of the Health Benefit Plan and James W. “Jim” Yates as director of life insurance.

Number of Members: 291,000 active and retired letter carriers.

Members Work As: City letter carriers.

Industries Represented: The United States Postal Service.

History: In 1794, the first letter carriers were appointed by Congress as the implementation of the new U.S. Constitution was being put into effect. By the time of the Civil War, free delivery of city mail was established and letter carriers successfully concluded a campaign for the eight-hour workday in 1888. The next year, letter carriers came together in Milwaukee and the National Association of Letter Carriers was formed.

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There is Dignity in All Work